What’s in a Number, Part 3


What’s in a Number? Part Three


A Trip Through Time


I will describe a more esoteric and hopeful meaning of 418.  A realm, as one definition states, is “a region in which some force or element is dominant.”  Throughout history, there existed three distinct nations from which America obtained its DNA.  These nations also followed similar life cycles as the United States.  To them we owe our love of democratic principles, as well as individualism, and the republican form of government.


The First Realm

Athens democracy2

The first nation – or rather, the First Realm – is ancient Greece.  Greek society dates back some 270,000 years to its first known inhabitants in Macedonia.  In Petralona cave, the embryo of modern culture first came to life.  As the oldest organized culture in Europe, as well as the first “modern” nation, Greece is literally the birthplace of Western Civilization.


These oldest of Greco-societies were the trial runs and invariably failed attempts to make an organized nation state.  Eventually, in the seventh century B.C., the various civilizations began to slowly form into independent nation states.  Homer wrote the foundational texts of Western Civilization: The Iliad and The Odyssey.  The Olympic Games were born.  But most importantly to our own philosophical heritage, the nation state of Athens became the first truly democratic system of government known to mankind.


As the nation states began to compete – and then combine – the arts and sciences advanced exponentially.  Despite lacking complete unification of the various nation states, the combined Greek armies (led mostly by the Athenians and the Spartans) resisted the prolonged attacks of the Persian Empire.  Intra-Regional hostilities continued, however, these nation states were eventually combined into a unified body.  Under the leadership of Alexander the Great, the Greek Realm extended from what is known as modern day Greece to Egypt and Pakistan.  Alexander intended to further expand the empire into the Arabian peninsula, however his death halted those plans.


With Alexander’s death, the life cycle [See the first essay listed on www.4one8.org, “The Life Cycle”] continued.  One of the key mistakes of the First Realm was that the entire solidity of their nation rested in the hands of Alexander.  He was a great leader, and he expanded the reach of the empire across vast distances.  However, his death brought on instability.  A vacuum was left in his place and several powers all vied for control of the nation.  In the end, a young and upstart republic in a neighboring region stepped in to stabilize the region and put an end to the in-fighting.


This small republic revered the Greeks, and eventually absorbed the dying Greek nation into its own borders as both province and protectorate.  This rising republic was at the early stages of its life cycle, but decided early on to learn from the mistakes the Greeks made.  That republic became the Second Realm.  Rome.


Next up in Part Four of this series, we will learn about the Second Realm and how it established some of the most influential pillars of American society and potential future.



Defensor Patriae, Defensor re Publica




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